engineering

Industry 5.0: more human, more sustainable and more resilient

Industry 5.0, also known as the fifth industrial revolution, is a new model developed and promoted by the European Commission. They aim to encourage an industrial activity that goes beyond technical or economic objectives such as productivity and efficiency. Industry 5.0 also wants to promote other objectives essential for the future of the sector, such as human well-being, sustainability and resilience.

Industry 5.0: definition and origin

The term Industry 5.0, which was developed by the European Commission, emerged as a supplementary concept to Industry 4.0. This new approach encourages industrial development towards a production model geared not only to technological innovation and economic growth but also to a commitment to environmentally

responsible practices 

supports resilience strategies that strengthen the sector in the face of sudden disruptions such as the emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic.
This program, the main features of which are summarized in the report Industry 5.0 – Towards a sustainable, human-centric and resilient European industry, is the result of discussions during two virtual workshops that took place in July 2020. Various research and technology organizations and funding institutions from across Europe took part in these two gatherings. All participants agreed on the need to better integrate social and environmental priorities of the European Union into technological innovation, by shifting the focus from an individual technology to a systemic perspective.

Differences between Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0

Industry 5.0 is not an evolution of Industry 4.0, nor is it an alternative model to replace it. In a way, it underscores the path that Industry 4.0 has taken. As explained by the European Commission, the fourth industrial revolution has focused on the digitization of processes and the use of artificial intelligence to increase productivity and efficiency, neglecting the role of workers involved in the production process or the shift to more sustainable development models.
In Industry 5.0, the human factor once again plays a major role and is once again at the centre of the production process. 

According to this premise, technology must serve people and not the other way around. Therefore, the goal is to arrive at a full human-machine collaboration scenario. In other words: If Industry 4.0 is based on the networking between machines and computer systems, then Industry 5.0 strives for the connection of the roles of humans and machines in order to strengthen and complement each other.

Industry 5.0 promotes sustainable robotization
Industry 5.0

Characteristics of Industry 5.0

The growth and development model promoted by Industry 5.0 is based on three pillars:

  • Sustainability. The development of production systems that use renewable energies is one of the requirements of Industry 5.0. With the target of reducing CO2 emissions by 55% by 2030, the European Commission states in its report that industry must be sustainable to respect the limits of our planet. For this reason, she recommends the development of circular processes that reuse and recycle natural resources, reduce waste and minimize environmental impact.
  • focus on the human: Industry 5.0 puts people at the centre of the production model. The premise is clear: instead of asking ourselves what we can do with the new technologies, we should consider what the technology can do for us. In addition, this more social and humane perspective confirms that the use of technology must not violate the fundamental rights of workers, such as their right to privacy, autonomy and human dignity.
  • resilience: Resilience has become a key factor in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. The European Commission report states that geopolitical changes and natural crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic are revealing the vulnerability of our industries. For this reason, a commitment of the new concept of Industry 5.0 is to have the ability to adapt to adverse situations and obtain positive results from them.

With its sustainable, human and resilient approach, Industry 5.0 wants to successfully overcome disruptions and challenges and uses technology to do so.

Technologies on the way to Industry 5.0

According to the European Commission and within the technological framework, there are six key factors to drive Industry 5.0 forward:

⦁ 1) Individualized interaction between man and machine.
⦁ 2) Bio-inspired technologies and smart materials.
⦁ 3) Digital twins and simulation.
⦁ 4) Transmission, storage and analysis technologies.
⦁ 5) Artificial Intelligence (AI).
⦁ 6) Energy efficiency, renewable energy, storage and autonomy technologies.

This technological framework must be a strategy to achieve the goals of Industry 5.0. For example, the predictive analysis offers tools to strengthen the resilience of the sector with the aim of preparing for possible unforeseen events such as climate changes or fluctuations in demand.
Furthermore, cobots (collaborative robots) – machines designed to collaborate with workers and relieve them of the most strenuous, dangerous or repetitive jobs – are increasingly playing an important role in manufacturing plants and warehouses. This is encouraging, as the cobot boom confirms the feasibility of a technological model in which machines and humans co-star and work in harmony.

Industry 5.0, a paradigm shift

Industry 5.0 is still in its infancy as we are currently busy improving and optimizing Industry 4.0 using the technologies available in the market. Nonetheless, the ultimate goal is to foster a more resilient, sustainable and human-focused industry.
Industry 5.0 offers benefits for employees, companies and our planet. At this moment of a paradigm shift that we are in, not only are efficiency and productivity sought, but the goal is a production that respects the limits of our planet and values ​​the worker.

5 tips on how to quickly make your product IoT-compatible

This is how you make your products fit for the IoT (Internet of Things)! 5 strategy tips that you should consider when engineering to secure your market share in the digital transformation.

we have the most important tips for implementing your product's IoT connectivity
IoT

More and more companies want to better position their products for the digital transformation. This year alone, around 26 billion IoT devices will go online worldwide. On the one hand, making them IoT-capable is not always easy and, on the other hand, it does not always make sense. Many are trying to make their existing products smarter and more connected. This is possible in many cases, but not always the most appropriate way. Because in digital engineering, too often products are created that offer no added value either for the company or for the end-user. For the product development of a successful IoT device, the approach must be customer-centric. Furthermore, suitable digitization skills and, last but not least, the right digitization strategy are essential. Because studies show: Around 25-45 per cent of all new IoT device developments fail. In dynamic digitization, some products are very well received, while others are already doomed to fail when they are launched.
So what separates successful IoT devices from the rest? If we look at companies that are successful in digitization, we get an idea of ​​​​how products can become compatible with the Internet of Things. We can learn from this and transfer experiences of such digitization strategies to product development. Implementing IoT connectivity to digital devices can be difficult. Especially if it’s the first time. So what does it take to make an existing product IoT compatible? And what are the advantages of product development of an innovative digital device for the Internet of Things?

Digitization: check the added value of connectivity!

Before you start developing an IoT product, you should ask yourself the following questions: If the product is smart after engineering, does it add value for you and your customers? And can the product collect useful data? Most products today can already collect data in some way. However, not all of this data is of any value to you or your end-users. For companies, the following must be clarified:

⦁ Can you integrate IoT data into your business processes?
⦁ Will you be able to effectively use the data collected to improve service to your customers? Because: A new IoT device is only successful when it is clear how the data will offer added value after engineering.

Product development: Include the cost of the IoT device!

Smart devices generate costs that a conventional product would not have. It is important to include these costs in the digitization strategy for product development:

  • What are the manufacturing costs? Is it clear how the connectivity costs will be covered? Normally, this happens through a higher sales price, but more and more often through service or subscription fees over the product life.
  • What are the ongoing costs for device support? Does the product generate large amounts of data that need to be stored in the cloud? Does the product require computationally intensive cloud services such as speech recognition?
  • What support does you as a company have to provide the end-user with product defects or upgrades?

Check the marketability of your intelligent device!

From a technology point of view, you can make any product IoT compatible. But is it worth it? While a WiFi-enabled watering can certainly be a nice idea, the demand for product development of such a device would be rather limited.

  • When it is clear what value your smart system will have for you and the end-users and you know the costs, you need to ensure that the product is marketable after engineering.
  • Can the value of product development be communicated to your potential customers quickly and easily? Do you understand this and are you willing to pay for it?
  • In particular, when innovating in a new category, you should answer the following questions: What is the greatest single value that your IoT device offers to the end-user? Can you simply communicate this value in terms of your product digitization strategy?
  • Be careful with new features in your engineering strategy. Each function is associated with development costs and makes the digital product more complex. Many companies add features hoping it will make the product more attractive. But often a simpler product offers more enjoyment and thus has a higher overall value.
  • To know if your product is IoT-ready, you should develop ⦁ prototypes of your digital devices. Do not develop the whole product at once, but proceed step by step in engineering. User experience testing and surveys of existing customers will help you create a more valuable digital product and better understand potential costs. That way, you’ll spot problems where you never expected them. And the digital product that comes out will be better.

Digital engineering: What you should pay attention to when it comes to technology and design

As soon as you are sure that the digitization strategy for your product is understandable to your customers, the device has added value and the costs fit into the business model, you can start planning – taking a few other points into account.
So there are different connectivity options for your digital innovation that you have to consider. Most IoT devices connect to a network via an app via Bluetooth or WiFi. The user then controls the device via the app. However, smart home devices often also use their own protocols (eg Zigbee) and there are also more and more devices that connect to the Internet on a mobile basis (eg NB-IoT or LTE- m). Each technology has advantages and disadvantages depending on where and how the device is used and the costs that the digitization strategy can support. Safety is important here, for example. The sheer number of IoT devices and the inconsistent security practices of device manufacturers have increasingly made the devices targets of cyberattacks.

“Hardware is hard” is a popular saying among hardware engineers. However, it is becoming increasingly easier to develop a new IoT device or to make existing devices IoT-capable. Prototyping has also become easier as companies now have affordable development boards and prototyping kits at their disposal. Standardized hardware components mean that companies don’t have to start from scratch when it comes to engineering and can start testing ideas quickly.

If the ideas prove successful, standardized development boards and 3D printers can be replaced with optimized custom boards and injection moulded parts that can be produced in high volumes. These individual design and engineering phases to create a product that can be mass-produced require many different skills and high investments. Good research beforehand and prototyping to get real user feedback gives you confidence that your system is on the right track and the investment will pay off.

The single largest item of an IoT solution is often the software. For an IoT device, there is embedded software for the device hardware, IT for cloud services (IoT platforms) and app software on the smartphone or computer. All of these and other elements must interact seamlessly with one another, like in a network. This ecosystem requires a lot of coding and testing to ensure the system performs optimally under a variety of conditions.

Great design and a carefully crafted user experience are not the only things that make an attractive product. The task of setting up a new IoT device can seem daunting at times. It is therefore important to make the first user experience after digitization as convincing and simple as possible. The entire digitization process, ie every step from connecting the device and installing the IT to using the product for the first time, must be carefully planned and implemented. Support calls and product returns can erode the profits of a new product. The response rate for consumer devices is estimated at 11-20 per cent. And 95 per cent of returns are not due to defects or defects. The product can work as desired and yet it does not satisfy the user. While industrial products don’t have the same response rates, user expectations are now just as high. And since many IoT products are based on service fees or subscription models, it is important that the products are used for a long time.

After product development: How to properly deal with competitors

You have completed all of the above steps. You know what to do with your hardware and software. You know how to make your product IoT-enabled. But then you discover that someone else has already developed the product you are planning to implement. A horror scenario! What should you do now?

It’s not necessarily a bad idea to develop something that already exists. Because that means: There is already a market for the innovative product. What you need to do is position your device in a way that offers value to your customers. What can your device do that the other cannot? What overall value can you offer your end-users, ie how do you show them that you really have their needs in mind?

If you can show your customers how your product differs from those of your competitors, you can better position and sell your product in the market. Turning your product into an IoT device is not always a good idea. However, if you have a marketable product that adds value and you can integrate the necessary hardware and software, you are well on your way to creating a successful smart digital device.

How artificial intelligence optimizes laser processing

Artificial intelligence is currently a hot topic in all sectors – including laser technology. How to choose an AI solution for better processes.

laser processing
laser processing

How can data and algorithms be used to increase the quality and efficiency of processes in laser processing? Researchers, laser technology manufacturers and users are asking themselves this question at the same time, because with the emerging Industry 4.0, with solutions artificial intelligence (AI) are also becoming increasingly important. The first solutions in the field of laser technology that uses artificial intelligence already exist.

How is artificial intelligence used in laser material processing?

For example, machine builder Trumpf uses artificial intelligence to control laser systems using voice commands. With the system equipped with a marking laser, the system operator can issue all relevant control commands such as ‘Open/close the door’, ‘Start the marking process’ or ‘How many products have you marked today?’ speak directly into a microphone. The laser system responds accordingly and executes the voice command. You can find out more about the machine in our article ‘Trumpf: AI moves into laser material processing ‘.
However, significantly more researchers and manufacturers are dealing with AI systems in the field of quality assurance – some AI applications are already being developed, especially for laser welding. Most of the time it is about the quality control of the welds. The Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology (ILT) is also researching in this area.
“We want to use our AI solution to recognize different quality categories in laser welding,” reports Christian Knaak. The scientific employee of the Fraunhofer ILT deals with Zero Defect Manufacturing and in this context with Deep Learning and spoke about it at the first ‘AI for Laser Technology Conference ‘ in Aachen.
“We want to detect seam collapse, binding errors and incorrect seam widths,” Knaak continues. “And we also want to recognize when the seam is in order.” For this purpose, the measurement data from welding processes – in this example the camera images of the weld seams – are evaluated and the system is then supposed to make statements about the quality of the seams. There are two possible approaches: the classic machine learning approach and deep learning.

What do I need for a successful AI project?

“AI needs a sustainable database. And a team that implements the project together and in which the individual members have the necessary specialist knowledge from the departments involved.”
Christian Kohlschein, Hotsprings GmbH
 
“Machine learning sometimes needs bad process results. If too many results are good, then the algorithm says that everything is good. But then the AI ​​​​solution is useless.”
Stephan Schwarz, Mercedes Benz AG
 
“The biggest challenge when introducing AI solutions is the cultural transformation of the company. Faster technology and better algorithms alone cannot make a difference.”
Benjamin Kreck, Microsoft
 
“When selecting suitable algorithms for quality analysis, the domain knowledge of the employees is required. This is the only way to find suitable classifiers and algorithms.”
Christian Knaak, Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology

What is the difference between classic machine learning and deep learning?

In machine learning, knowledge about the area of ​​​​application (so-called domain knowledge) plays an important role. Image processing algorithms are used to extract and classify features from the camera images. “We have five classes,” explains Knaak. “These are typical images of welding tests with examples of lack of fusion, seam collapse, increased night width, OK seams and no seam.”
The features of these images are then used as a ‘fingerprint’ for the various seam conditions to be recognized by an algorithm. The appropriate algorithm is selected by determining the recognition rates of various algorithms using a training data set. The algorithm with the best detection rate can then be used for the process data.
Deep learning requires less domain knowledge but requires significantly more data. “The special thing about this method is that the task of extracting features, which was taken over by image processing algorithms in classic machine learning, is now handed over to a neural network,” explains Knaak.
This neural network recognizes the features and processes the data in several layers. This makes it possible to analyze very complex image features. “The end result is the same as with the classic approach, where you need a relatively large amount of domain knowledge,” reports Knaak. Both methods are therefore suitable for analyzing the seam quality, only the prerequisites differ.

Automation | trends and perspectives

Digital networking via the Internet of Things is currently one of the megatrends. In addition, interdisciplinary and thinking across industry boundaries are required – especially in automation. New technologies can only develop their full potential with the help of a comprehensive process understanding.

Automation
Automation

With regard to Industry 4.0, the theory is increasingly followed by action. Many experts are convinced that further coordination and bundled activities in the industry will only set additional changes in motion. Dr Attila Bilgic, Managing Director and CTO (Chief Technology Officer) of the Krohne Group, Duisburg. “The industry is struggling to initiate disruptive approaches. However, we find it even more difficult to implement them. “However, the evolutionary development of processes works well, Figure 1:” We are able to further improve things that we are good at. ” Bilgictherefore recommends thinking outside the box about basic core business processes. In his opinion, one risk is missing out on new opportunities – with the effect that others close the gap and, as a result, fill the entire value chain. Real winners will recognize the opportunities that Industry 4.0 offers, Figure 2 – and seize them.

Automation solutions
Automation solutions

Anomaly detection to defend against cyber attacks

The diverse opportunities of Industry 4.0 are increasingly faced with questions of information security: How can the confidentiality, integrity and availability of industrial devices and systems be guaranteed? The “AnoKo” research project (Koramis GmbH, Potsdam; Zema – Center for Mechatronics and Automation Technology, Saarbrücken) aims to detect unauthorized access or interference in production systems. This is to be achieved by analyzing the industrial communication system of a production plant for deviations at defined time intervals. To get physical and Online training in all Automation courses click here

The anomaly detection system, which was further developed in the AnoKo project, enables operators to protect their production facilities more comprehensively from attacks. To this end, design analysis of selected industrial communication protocols is carried out first. On this basis, observation and evaluation criteria are defined and implemented. “With the help of the project results, anomaly detection systems can be more easily adapted to specific industrial protocols and evaluated under real conditions. These systems can then be subsequently integrated into existing systems or used as a basic platform for the development of future Industry 4.0 applications, ”explains Dipl.-Ing. Heiko Adamczyk , Business Development, Security and Industry 4.0 at Koramis.

Use data analysis for better user guidance

Analyze data and use it for optimization: This megatrend is not only reflected in security issues. A key question is how, thanks to integrated data analysis and fusion, improved user guidance of operator assistance systems is possible. They can help reduce costs caused by defective parts and processes in assembly. The crucial question in this process is which data can be used for analysis, how they are related to one another and how a corresponding recommendation for action can be obtained. Dipl.-Ing. Benno Lüdicke , Dipl.-Inf. Christoph Legat and David Renaudfrom Assystem, Paris / F. One question is, for example, how data analyzes can be used to reliably identify defective parts and thus avoid them. To do this, it is first necessary to reliably record the process parameters. Using the data analysis, the deviation can then be quantified and qualified.

Predictive maintenance in the context of Industry 4.0

Automating maintenance processes, making machine maintenance more efficient and finally achieving predictive maintenance: How this plan can be achieved step by step is shown by a current research project by Sybit GmbH, Radolfzell am Bodensee, in cooperation with the Swiss technology group Bühler, headquartered in Uzwil. Their machines are in use all over the world. The entire maintenance process is correspondingly complex.
In the first step, AR (Augmented Reality) glasses are used to reduce travel and time expenditure for service technicians. “The service specialist can inspect machines worldwide from his office and also guide the machine operator ‘on site’ with maintenance steps,” explains Sybit research director Dr.-Ing. Jesko Elsner. This forms the start of efficient remote diagnosis that saves money, time and effort. Successful remote maintenance is possible through the combination of human expertise, visual perception through the AR glasses and the data that the sensors of the machine continuously deliver. Many problems can already be solved this way. In addition, remote diagnosis makes it much more efficient to identify any need for spare parts and to send the required parts faster.

The project goes well beyond the individual maintenance case: data from various maintenance situations are collected and automatically evaluated by the system. This results in a pattern of frequent maintenance cases to which those responsible can react even faster and more systematically in the future – right up to predictive maintenance that predicts necessary maintenance intervals even more precisely and thus further shortens unplanned downtimes. “This could result in completely new business models for machine manufacturers in the future, for example in the combination of maintenance service and guaranteed production figures instead of just selling a single machine,” explains Dr. Elsner .

Automation Congress analyzes the trends

The specialist congress in the Kongresshaus Baden-Baden provided insights into these and other topics. The focal points continued to include efficiency increases in the planning of automated systems, the planning of the communication infrastructure for future automation systems and the role of Industry 4.0 and the “digital twin” in the life cycle of a system.

What promising professions by 2022?

Between 2012 and 2022, 800,000 jobs per year would need to be filled, on average. About 80% of these vacancies correspond to departures at the end of their careers, the others are net job creations.

By 2022, trades in commerce and services should remain dynamic, particularly care and personal services professions. The increase in employment in high-skilled trades and the decline in employment in manual and skilled worker trades are expected to continue. Job creation in low-skilled personal assistance and other service trades (employees of the hotel and restaurant industry, guard and security agents) would compensate for the destruction of jobs for unskilled or low-skilled workers.

This summary presents the professions that will recruit by 2022. It is based on a foresight exercise , carried out in partnership with Dares and published in July 2014.

1 – Benchmarks

This foresight exercise is based on three scenarios: a rather optimistic scenario (called “target”), a second rather pessimistic (called “crisis”) and a third called “central”.
According to the scenario envisaged, between 735,000 and 830,000 positions per year would be to be filled between 2012 and 2022. Over this period, the 20 trades which would offer the greatest number of positions to be filled, presented in graph 4 below. These openings up to 2022, which are of particular interest to professional integration, result, with some exceptions, from a large number of departures at the end of their careers, to which a certain volume of job creation is added.

PNG – 119.5 kb
Reading the graph: over the period 2012-2022, 387,000 maintenance agent positions would need to be filled, including 375,000 to replace departures at the end of their careers and 12,000 to respond to net job creation. Category C or similar administrative employee jobs in the civil service would lose 51,000 jobs between 2012 and 2022 and would have 262,000 departures at the end of their careers. In total, 211,000 positions would therefore need to be filled (262,000 – 51,000), ie a lower number than the number of departures at the end of their careers.
Source: France Stratégie-Dares projections.

Departures at the end of their career and job creation
Between 2012 and 2022, departures at the end of their careers should reach nearly 6.2 million, or about 620,000 per year on average, against around 540,000 over the period 2008-2012, and therefore 80,000 more departures per year by 2022.

The level of job creation varies depending on the scenario: from nearly 1.2 million for the “crisis” scenario to 2.1 million for the “target” scenario, passing by 1.8 million for the “scenario”. central ”, or around 177,000 per year on average.

In the end, over the period 2012-2022, by adding together departures at the end of their careers and net job creations, the annual number of positions to be filled would vary between 735,000 and 832,000. Among these positions to be filled, 78% would be consecutive departures at the end of their career.

In the analysis of the “central” scenario, certain trades will combine strong job creation and significant departures at the end of their careers, in particular personal assistance trades, which will lead to many positions to be filled. Others, on the contrary, could experience job losses, combined with more or less significant departures at the end of their careers: industrial workers, farmers or administrative employees in the public service.

Major trends emerge from this perspective exercise: the tertiarization of jobs would continue. On the one hand, trades in commerce and services should continue to develop, in particular with strong job creation in the care professions (with the exception of doctors) and personal services. On the other hand, administrative jobs in the civil service and secretarial jobs would, on the contrary, decline.

Industrial trades would stabilize: job losses would be less severe than in the past among unskilled industrial workers and there would be creations for certain skilled worker trades.

The agricultural trades would continue to decline.

Employment would continue to experience strong growth in highly skilled trades (mainly managerial trades) and, at the same time, a decrease in the weight of skilled workers and employees and relative stability in the weight of low-skilled workers and employees. A situation that is described as “polarization of employment”, however, is less marked in France than in certain countries. Job creation in low-skilled careers and other service trades (hotel and catering employees, guard and security agents) compensating for the destruction of low-skilled or unskilled worker jobs.

All of these results are qualitatively unchanged regardless of the scenario considered.

If we add to the net job creation departures at the end of their career, the positions to be filled between 2012 and 2022 appear particularly numerous for:

  • housekeepers;
  • home help;
  • teachers;
  • orderlies and nurses;
  • executives of administrative, accounting and financial services;
  • vehicle drivers;
  • sellers.

2 – Developments and outlook for business lines and sectors

Employment opportunities will combine differently depending on the business: here is a summary of the results of the “central” scenario below.

Strong momentum in the care and assistance professions for vulnerable people
All care and support professions for vulnerable people should benefit from strong employment dynamics, with the exception of doctors, whose development depends on the numerus clausus and for whom all departures at the end of career would not be replaced by 2022 (with the destruction of just over 20,000 jobs in ten years).

Home help, nursing assistants and nurses would thus figure among the trades which would gain the most jobs by 2022, with nearly 35,000 net creations on average per year, to meet the support needs of dependency, the development of outpatient medicine, home support for the elderly, etc.

The home help profession would even be the one that would create the most jobs over the next ten years, both in terms of growth rate and a number of jobs: nearly 160,000 jobs created by 2022, i.e. an increase of 2.6% on average each year.

The number of childminders should also increase faster than that of all occupations to meet the still unmet needs for the care of young children.

There are traditionally many departures at the end of their careers in the jobs of childminders and home help, where the median age is high (45 and 47 years old, respectively, compared to 42 years old for all jobs). More than one in three people is at least 50 years old.
The positions to be filled should therefore be very important for these two professions, which have a high workforce. Between 2012 and 2022, nearly 500,000 positions would need to be filled …

The number of social action professionals, meeting the needs of the elderly, the disabled and young people in difficulty, should also be on the rise, but at a slower pace than that observed in the 1990s and 2000s. If you want to grow your field in Electrical Engineering & Electrical Automation then visit our website Burraq Engineering Solutions

Strong job creation in highly skilled trades

Between 2012 and 2022, highly skilled trades will also be among the largest net job creators and will occupy a growing share of employment. The growth of executive occupations is said to be almost twice that of all occupations: + 1.2% each year, against + 0.7%.

Among executives performing predominantly administrative functions and managers (banking and insurance executives, civil service executives, business executives, and to lesser extent executives from administrative, accounting and financial services and sales executives), the increase in the number of jobs would be combined with many departures at the end of their careers.

For public service executives, departures at the end of their careers would be all the more important in the positions to be filled as the net job creation would be lower than for most other professional families at the executive level, in a context of budgetary adjustment for public employment.

Departures at the end of their careers will be proportionally less numerous for engineers or technical executives in industry, study and research staff, and especially for computer engineers, recruiting primarily for young people. graduates. By 2022, these three professional families could provide a total of 220,000 additional jobs or a net creation rate of 2% per year on average.

By 2022, employment growth for intermediate occupations should also be sustained, close to 1% each year, much higher than that of all occupations and often associated with numerous departures at the end of their careers. Thus, among the professions that would benefit from the largest volumes of net job creation are nurses, midwives and paramedical professions (whose growth we have seen was driven by the general dynamics of the care professions), as well as technicians from administrative, accounting and financial services.

Development of skilled trades in building, transport and logistics from an environmental perspective

In the building and public works sector, architects and executives, technicians and supervisors and, to a lesser extent, skilled workers should continue to benefit from job creations by 2022. Jobs would however be created. fewer than in the previous decade due to lower economic growth.
Qualified secondary workers (plumbers, electricians, painters, carpenters, etc.), more than a third of whom are self-employed, should for their part be affected by relatively high rates of departures at the end of their careers, greater than 2, 6% on average each year (see graph 4).

By 2022, job creation in the transport and logistics trades could be limited by the increase in the price of energy. The growth in the number of positions to be filled is expected to be higher for the most skilled trades such as transport operations officers or transport managers, logistics managers and aviation flight attendants while remaining below l development expected for other management professions.

Numerous job creations for trade and hotel and catering trades

Departures at the end of their career will be limited (less than 1.9%) in certain low-skilled jobs recruiting many young people, such as:

  • cashiers, salespeople and commercial attachés;
  • cooks and employees in the hotel and restaurant industry;
  • hairdressers and beauticians;
  • cultural and sports activities.

The pace of job creation should remain relatively strong there. Only the cashier profession would not benefit from this dynamic in the retail sector but would suffer from the automation of the cash registers, remaining stable over ten years.

In total, recruitments will remain numerous due to a high turnover due to often difficult hours, salary or activity conditions.

Numerous positions for domestic workers, maintenance workers, vehicle drivers and teachers

The occupations of domestic workers and maintenance workers where the average age is high (half of the domestic workers are over 51 years old) will have a large proportion of positions to be filled to compensate for the cessation of activity.

Vehicle drivers should be in a similar configuration, with a high number of departures at the end of their careers and almost zero job creations.

The replacement of departures at the end of their careers should also generate a significant volume of vacancies among teachers (300,000), despite a rate of job creation below average, the dynamics in this profession being very dependent on public finances.

Less significant job losses than in the past among unskilled workers in industry and creations for certain skilled worker trades

Over the period 2012-2022, certain industrial professions should benefit from job creation, but in a limited number: these would mainly be intermediate professions such as technicians and supervisors in-process and maintenance industries due to increasingly sophisticated industrial and non-industrial equipment. Skilled auto repair workers are also said to be growing.

In other trades (mechanical, electrical-electronic, textile-clothing workers, graphic industry workers), employment is likely to continue to decline at a rate lower than the trends observed in the 2000s, in a context of slowing deindustrialisation.

Job losses among administrative employees and especially among farmers

The employment of secretaries or banking and insurance employees will continue to decline, while the number of accounting employees or executive secretaries is expected to remain almost stable.

With 2% of net creations per year, the number of technicians in administrative, accounting and financial services would continue to increase sharply, the expertise functions in these areas not being limited to executives alone.

In public administration, both employees and intermediate professions are expected to face downsizing in a tight budget environment. These two professional families could thus lose a total of nearly 80,000 jobs over the next ten years.

The decline in the number of soldiers, police and firefighters should be more marked between 2012 and 2022 than over the last decade.

As in the past, farmers, breeders or forestry workers will experience significant departures at the end of their careers which will not be compensated in the same way by the installation of young farmers or the hiring of new employees. Even if the rate of job losses were lower than the past trend, this occupation would be the one that would lose the most jobs by 2022.

The share of women in employment would continue to increase

In recent years, and with the exception of computer specialist positions, the place of women among executives has increased very significantly both in professions where they are already in the majority or almost (information and communication professions, administrative executives, doctors, legal professions, etc.) than in others where they remain in the minority, such as transport and logistics executives, construction and public works executives (architects in particular), sales executives or researchers, engineers and technical executives Of the industry.
Women could form 49.1% of people in employment in 2022, against 47.7% in 2012.

Introduce AutoCAD drawing

You can insert an AutoCAD drawing into a Visio diagram and then place shapes on top of it to make it clearer. In general, see how you can import: Click Import> CAD Drawing. Then select the AutoCAD file, specify the scale and level options and the drawing will appear on the page. If you need more information along the way, this article explains every step of the way.

AutoCAD Drawing
AutoCAD Drawing

Supported versions of AutoCAD

If you are a subscriber to Visio Program 2, you can import a file. dwg or. DXF from AutoCAD 2007 to 2017. If you are not a subscriber, be sure to save the file as an AutoCAD 2007 .dwg or .dfx file before importing.

Preparing to import AutoCAD

If you want to work on the same scale as your AutoCAD file, we recommend that you first prepare for AutoCAD import. Then return to this page and continue the import process.

Introduce AutoCAD drawing

  • On the Insert tab, click CAD Drawing.
  • Locate the .dwg or .dxf file, and then click Open. The CAD Design Properties dialogue box will appear.
  • If you want to work on the same scale as the AutoCAD file, set the CAD Drawing Scale to match the viewing angle scale in AutoCAD.
  • Note: If you calculated a custom page scale when preparing to import, do not specify this scale here. Use the custom page scale only in the page layout and not when importing. See Preparing to Import AutoCAD for more information.
  • See the page preview on the right. The grey box is where the AutoCAD design will take up space. The white box is the page. If it has this format, you are in good condition:

If the AutoCAD drawing extends beyond the page, this means that the drawing will be larger than the diagram page. In this case, do one of the following:

  1. Verify the optical scale in AutoCAD and make sure it is the same as the scale specified here.
  2. Verify the optical scale in AutoCAD and make sure it is specified in the page layout before importing the file. See Preparing to Import AutoCAD for more information.
  3. If you calculated a custom page scale when preparing to import, make sure it is specified in the Page Setup section before importing the file. See Preparing to Import AutoCAD for more information.
  4. If the Visio page scale is what you want and you want the AutoCAD file to be customized, click Custom Scale. Change the AutoCAD drawing scale to fit the page. If you are unsure of how the result will look, click Apply before you click OK. This will update the preview image before importing the file.
  5. You can also accept the extended AutoCAD design by clicking OK. Then later, you can trim the AutoCAD drawing.
  • If necessary, click the Level tab and change the layer properties. Then click OK to enter the design. You can always unlock the drawing and change the AutoCAD level properties later if you want.

Does nothing seem to be happening after the introduction? Zoom out and you can see the whole design more easily. If it is too big or too small to work with, it is recommended that you prepare for admission first.

What is Primavera P6? Uses, Features and Prices

There are plenty of project management software tools to choose from, and there are a few that seem to really dominate the space, like Oracle’s Primavera P6. How do you find the project management solution that matches your organization, your project and the way your team works? The first thing to do is understand what these tools are and the set of features they offer.

Primavera P6 is the product of the multinational computer technology company Oracle. For such a well-known brand, it is a product that does not have a great reputation, even among those in the industry.

It is time to change that. Let’s take a closer look at Primavera P6 to see what it can do and if it’s the right choice for your project management needs.

What is Primavera P6?

Oracle Primavera P6 is a project, program, and portfolio management tool used to plan, manage, and execute your project work. It is designed to handle large and small projects across a number of diverse industries, such as construction, manufacturing, energy, and IT. He has been doing this for over 30 years in projects around the world.

Primavera P6 can trace its origins back to 1983 when it was first created under the name Primavera Systems. Over the next 15 years, it would quickly gain popularity. In the late 90s, advancements in server technology led the company to split Primavera systems into two software versions: a desktop application (which is preferred by contractors, vendors, and manufacturing companies) and a web-based business option.

In 2008, Primavera Systems was acquired by Oracle, which then developed the tool in the version that is used today.

Primavera p6
Primavera p6

The modern incarnation is sold as a tool to increase your efficiency in planning, which reduces the risk of over-schedule. It claims to achieve this in part by providing visibility into the work so that potential bottlenecks can be identified and resolved before they cause delays. He claims to work on projects of all sizes.

Who Uses Primavera P6?

P6 is used by project managers who are in charge of delivering a project, program or portfolio of projects.

But it’s not just used by project managers. Any project professional can benefit from P6, such as engineers, planners and others who are instrumental in planning, managing and reporting on the project. Anyone who uses the software is generally recommended to take some training. The tool is designed to help manage complex projects and therefore it can be complicated to use as well.

Features of the software

Let’s take a closer look at Primavera P6. First of all, it is a tool that works on a corporate structure. This means that it goes from the highest level of management to the members of the project. In terms of key features, they are as follows. To get more hands-on training in electrical engineering visits our website.

·         Timelines: a traditional Gantt chart for planning tasks on a bar chart

·         Risk management: identity, track and resolve risks before they become problems

·         Information dashboard: a dashboard to track key project metrics

·         Reporting & Analytics: ability to generate status reports for stakeholders

·         Analysis and allocation of resources: track and reallocate resources as needed

·         Calendar and Activity Views: View defined project tasks on a calendar view

·         Portfolio and Program Management: Capable of managing multiple projects in a portfolio at a time

·         Contract management: manage multiple projects, quickly get information from the database

·         Planning Alerts: Keep the project on track by always knowing what’s due when Primavera P6 plans and prices

Primavera’s P6 Professional Project Management (PPM) will cost $ 2,570 for an annual subscription. This price includes $ 2,020 plus an annual maintenance fee of $ 550 for upgrades, patches, patches, etc. Renewing the maintenance cost is not required, but is suggested.

There is also the enterprise option, Primavera P6 Enterprise Professional Project Management (EPPM). This version of Primavera P6 is accessible via the web, rather than being a desktop software application like the P6 PPM option. This option will set you back $ 2,750 for a perpetual license, which includes an annual maintenance fee of $ 605.

Finally, there’s Oracle Primavera Cloud, which is a much cheaper, much less feature-rich offering at $ 125 per month. It also has the added benefits of faster delivery and promotes collaboration to improve efficiency and quality. The cloud-based tool will also connect teams on any device and instantly update activities and tasks.

Advantages and disadvantages.

There are some things that Primavera P6 does well, as well as some features that have drawbacks. If you’re still on the fence, here’s a look at its pros and cons.

Benefits of using Primavera P6

ü  It is flexible when it comes to organizing many activities, with a platform that allows users to prioritize, execute and monitor their work.

ü  A multi-user system allows teams to work on the same project at the same time across the organization.

ü  Real-time reports provide meaningful data delivered quickly, on-demand, or scheduled.

ü  The dashboard allows users to manage a single project or even a portfolio, with great flexibility.

ü  Primavera P6 integrates with Oracle and other third-party products.

ü  P6 can be used on multiple devices, such as tablets and mobile devices, for access anytime, anywhere.

ü  P6 runs on Windows as a desktop (or web application with the Enterprise option).

Cons of using Primavera

It is very expensive; you’re going to spend almost three thousand dollars a year on something you can get elsewhere for less money.

Oracle’s Primavera P6’s complicated interface also seems outdated and not up to par with the design and ease of use of its competitors.

There is a steep learning curve; unlike other tools, it can take up to 40 hours to get comfortable on the device and that is with the use of specialist trainers.

Primavera P6 is for Windows only, which puts Mac users in the cold, making the tool immediately limited and denying entire industries running on Apple products.

The P6 is bulky for smaller, simpler projects, apparently only interested in the larger project area.

Customer service could be better, at least there is a lot of chatter online from customers who feel support needs improvement.

Primavera P6 does not have a portfolio roadmap which is a problem for portfolio management even though the product has some features that directly target this market.

ProjectManager.com is the best alternative to Primavera P6

More Over:

 If Primavera P6 doesn’t seem like the right choice for you, then you might be interested in an alternative. ProjectManager.com is a cloud-based project management tool that’s cheaper and easier to use than P6, with all of the same features you need to manage your project, program, or portfolio. Instead of expensive license fees, you can choose the subscription level that fits your budget.

Unfortunately, Primavera P6 only works on Windows. If your team uses Macs, they won’t be able to use the tool. Fortunately, ProjectManager.com can work with any operating system and on any browser.

Like Primavera P6, we have portfolio project management features. Unlike them, we offer a portfolio roadmap to see all of your projects on a single timeline. This allows you to make strategic decisions about sharing resources to reduce costs and tight schedules. There is also a portfolio dashboard and you can see all your projects with metrics on the projects overview page.

ProjectManager.com is cloud-based project management software that organizes your projects and teams to work more productively. It can handle large and small projects, whether you are working in a traditional methodology or in an agile framework. 

What is Electrical Engineering | Electrical Engineering Institute

Have you heard about what electrical engineering is? Would you like to know it in depth? Many people, when choosing what to study, take the path of Engineering. However, there are so many and so numerous that, on many occasions, it is quite complicated. For this reason, at Euroinnova Formación, we want to give you a hand in making this decision. And we want you to know what Electrical Engineering is for it! In this way, you will be able to understand what each of the engineering firms means and which one best suits what you are looking for.

Electrical Engineering is not one of the best known or popular. However, it can become as important in society as Industrial Engineering, Chemical Engineering or Telecommunications Engineering. Each of the engineering firms makes a vital contribution to our society. That is why, whichever one you choose, the chances are that you will find in it an enriching and rewarding job. Do you want us to begin to know what Electrical Engineering is? Go for it!

Electrical Engineering Institute
Electrical Engineering Institute

The concept of Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering Institute is the field of Engineering that deals with the application of electricity, electromagnetism, and electronics. Therefore, it is a discipline with a long historical antecedent, and currently in great demand together with Systems Engineering. In other words, we can say that Electrical Engineering is the integration of different fields, physical and mathematical, for the creation and design of systems and equipment for the transmission, distribution and generation of electrical energy.

However, far from exhausting the question of what Engineering is, as it is such a broad field of study, it requires delving into the different nuances and qualities of an Electrical Engineer. To achieve an exact and precise definition of the term, it must be clarified that, depending on the place and context used, Electrical Engineering may not include Electronic Engineering in its domains.

Thus, when a distinction is made between the two concepts, two levels are established. On the one hand, Electrical Engineering would focus on the branch that addresses problems in large-scale and power systems, such as energy control systems. On the other hand, Electronic Engineering refers to low power systems, such as telecommunications systems.

MASTER IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Do you want to train in Electrical Engineering? Would you like to delve into the question of what Engineering is and get a position in the sector? Then this Master in Electrical Engineering is perfect for you! With it, you will be able to specialize in Electrical Engineering, knowing all the bases of this concept and delving into the different scientific branches of which it is composed. If the world of Electrical Engineering catches your attention, we encourage you to take a look at this master’s degree: it has everything you are looking for. Join the online campus of Euroinnova Formación and start living your future from this moment!

choosing a career as an electrical engineer.

Electrical appliances are proving day by day essential for our daily lives. In the modern world, electronic gadgets penetrate into every aspect of our lives (at home, in the office, at school, etc.) and make our daily tasks simple and easy. From clever inventions such as the microwave, the calculator and the clock, to computers and spaceships.
Electronic gadgets are inextricably linked to our modern way of life. Only calculate the number of employees who could not work if the computers stopped working. A typical example is a mobile phone, which is an integral part of our daily lives. But who are the professionals behind these inventions? Below you can read more about the position of an electrical engineer.

Electrical Engineering
Electrical Engineering

The object of work of the electrical engineer.

Electrical engineers use the principles of mathematics and physics to design, develop, and evaluate electrical and electronic equipment and systems. They work with a range of technologies, including home appliances, lighting and electrical systems, telecommunications, and satellite systems. As in any profession, here too there is specialization in the fields of electronics, microelectronics, energy, telecommunications, etc.

Career options for an electrical engineer.

Electrical engineers use the principles of mathematics and physics to design, develop, and evaluate electrical and electronic equipment and systems. They work with a range of technologies, including home appliances, lighting and electrical systems, telecommunications, and satellite systems. As in any profession, here too there is specialization in the fields of electronics, microelectronics, energy, telecommunications, etc.
Career options for an electrical engineer.
The field of electromechanics is huge and given the generalized nature of electronics, there are many areas of specialization to choose from, as mentioned above. Among the different options are electricity, lighting, electrical measurements, control, signal processing, automation, machine installation, biomedical technology, nuclear power, microelectronics in the public or private sector. Also, the number of responsibilities is wide: the study of the feasibility of a new project, design of new systems but also their maintenance, participation in fault diagnosis, data analysis, and much more.
Depending on the requirements of the job you are looking for, there is a choice of fast pace or a focus on research and development. More specifically, the consumer electronics industry is changing rapidly and is highly competitive. Companies have to launch new products every six months. On the other hand, in the field of medicine or in the field of defense systems, security is the most important factor and in this part long-term product development cycles are required, which emerge as a result of thorough research. It is worth noting that opportunities for professional development are offered in abundance: there is a possibility to develop as a chief technical consultant or as an independent contractor.
In addition, as a candidate who wants to work as an electrical engineer, it is good to know that the profession aims to improve systems, with the ultimate goal of improving living standards. Smartphones, for example, have revolutionized communication, electronic systems in medical equipment have made it possible to monitor patient’s progress more effectively, and, finally, electronic systems in the field of defense have ensured the integrity of the states that treat them.
A degree in electrical engineering opens up a variety of professional paths. Given the rapid development of the technology sector, graduates have the opportunity to work in any country they wish and choose a career in various fields, such as industry, information technology, or sales.

The profession of sales engineer.

A different career choice of an electrical engineer is the sale of scientific and technological products or services. To achieve the highest degree of efficiency, a sales engineer must have extensive knowledge of product functions and a full understanding of their effectiveness. Below you can read what is good to know if you choose to look for a job as a sales engineer.
Sales engineers usually prepare and give technical quotes, which explain the products or services offered. Advise customers and engineers, assess needs, and understand customer requirements. They help customers solve problems during the installation of new equipment. They suggest improved materials or machinery, indicating how the changes will reduce costs or increase production. Finally, they help in the research and search of new products.
Many of the sales mechanics’ tasks are similar to those of other salespeople. They need to stimulate the customer’s interest in buying their products or services, negotiating a price, and completing the sale. To do this, sales engineers provide technical – specialized presentations that explain the technical aspects of the product and how that product will solve a specific customer problem. Some sales engineers work with salespeople who focus on marketing and selling the product, which allows the sales engineer to focus on the technical aspects of the job.
Sales engineers should combine their scientific-technical training with their entrepreneurship. This means that they need to be ambitious, extroverted, enthusiastic and of course optimistic.
Are you interested in finding a job as an Engineer? Start your search by clicking here.

This is how technology and engineering used in a new era

New technologies are revolutionizing the panorama of economic development, and of employment opportunities, throughout the world. Unsurprisingly, the engineering, construction and building sectors are no exception. Here are some of the New Technologies that revolutionize our sector:

 Software and methodology

The BIM methodology is one of the key figures in the immediate future of the construction sector. As you may already know, its use will become mandatory in Spain in public building tenders in December 2018 and in civil engineering tenders in July 2019. Meanwhile, other European avant-garde countries, such as Germany, the United Kingdom or France already apply BIM in their projects, especially in those of greater scope. A clear example is found in Crossrail in London, where the use of BIM allowed the integrated management of neither more nor less than 5 million documents and a total of 300,000 CAD model files.

engineering
engineering

Index of contents

According to recent studies, the BIM market will grow at a rate of 19.45% in the next 5 years, a fact that is not surprising, since the implementation of BIM reports countless advantages over traditional methodologies, including:

The integral management of the project from the point of view of all the professionals who take part in it.

Consideration of the useful life of this and the phase of dismantling of the infrastructure, in addition to the design phase.

The use of design elements typical of civil engineering or building, such as doors, walls or pillars (as opposed to the elements of other methodologies: lines, points, planes, etc.)

The reduction of construction costs by 20%.

But the BIM market is not only growing at an unstoppable rate in Europe since according to recent studies in Latin America, but the recruitment of BIM Manager profiles will also grow by 11% in the coming years. As examples of large projects developed under BIM methodology in this region, we find the New International Airport of Mexico City or the Panama Canal.

Faced with such a scenario of promising prospects for the BIM methodology, it seems obvious that the professional future of any civil, building or architect-engineer passes through its domain.

Smart cities

Another important field of development that is becoming essential in the engineering and architecture sector is found in the application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to the development of cities to improve their efficiency, both in terms of building, such as mobility, energy systems, urban services, transport and infrastructure in general.

New technologies smart cities

This is the emerging market for so-called “smart infrastructures”, whose growth rate stands at 19% per year until 2020. It is estimated that cities occupy 2% of the planet’s land surface and yet consume about 75% of global resources, so efficient resource management is both beneficial and necessary for the future of the planet. Many cities in the world have already joined this trend in favour of sustainable development, such as New York, Singapore, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Berlin or Tokyo.

In the case of Spain, according to the IESE 2017 Cities In Motion ranking, Madrid and Barcelona seem to be leading the way, although Malaga, Seville and A Coruña are also very well placed (among the top 100). While in Latin America the cases of Buenos Aires, Santiago de Chile, Mexico City, Medellín or Montevideo stand out, also all of them are in the Top 100.

But this is only the beginning and “Smart Cities” represent the future of urban centres in the world, and with it come new professional opportunities for technical professionals, such as data engineers, cybersecurity experts, the technical advisers in reform or the inspectors of environmental health and energy efficiency.

In addition, the development of the Smart Cities market brings with it the implementation of other new technologies, such as the Internet of Things, sensors or drones, which seem to have no end in their applications to the design, construction and maintenance of infrastructures. intelligent, thus also generating new job opportunities for engineers and architects who master them.

Digitization and agile methodologies

Last but not least, we find the case of Agile Project Management Methodologies, whose development comes hand in hand with the arrival of Industry 4.0 and digital transformation, which represent an inescapable reality in the business landscape current.

According to IFTF, by the year 2030 100% of organizations worldwide will be purely technological, so it is not surprising that the supply of employment-related to technological development does not stop growing. In fact, 8 out of 10 entrepreneurs claim to have implemented digitization programs in their companies and 42% of SMEs will allocate the bulk of their investments this year to the development of technological tools.

Digitization

However, the digitization and implementation of projects of a technological nature opens up a new range of challenges – and thus opportunities – for professionals. Traditional work procedures and methodologies seem to become obsolete due to the nature of these projects, characterized by continuous change and flexible planning. It is precisely for this reason that Agile Methodologies are emerging as the ideal tool for treating newly emerging technological projects (software development, scientific research, innovation, artificial intelligence, etc.).

Agile Methodologies provide the flexibility and adaptability necessary for such projects. The figures make it clear: 71% of organizations worldwide already use Agile Methodologies and these generate 30% more profit and increase revenues 37% faster than those that do not.

In summary, new technologies are bringing with them a multitude of novelties, and with them opportunities, in the economic-business paradigm and technical professionals we have a lot to say about it.

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