New technologies are revolutionizing the panorama of economic development, and of employment opportunities, throughout the world. Unsurprisingly, the engineering, construction and building sectors are no exception. Here are some of the New Technologies that revolutionize our sector:
Software and methodology
The BIM methodology is one of the key figures in the immediate future of the construction sector. As you may already know, its use will become mandatory in Spain in public building tenders in December 2018 and in civil engineering tenders in July 2019. Meanwhile, other European avant-garde countries, such as Germany, the United Kingdom or France already apply BIM in their projects, especially in those of greater scope. A clear example is found in Crossrail in London, where the use of BIM allowed the integrated management of neither more nor less than 5 million documents and a total of 300,000 CAD model files.
Index of contents
According to recent studies, the BIM market will grow at a rate of 19.45% in the next 5 years, a fact that is not surprising, since the implementation of BIM reports countless advantages over traditional methodologies, including:
The integral management of the project from the point of view of all the professionals who take part in it.
Consideration of the useful life of this and the phase of dismantling of the infrastructure, in addition to the design phase.
The use of design elements typical of civil engineering or building, such as doors, walls or pillars (as opposed to the elements of other methodologies: lines, points, planes, etc.)
The reduction of construction costs by 20%.
But the BIM market is not only growing at an unstoppable rate in Europe since according to recent studies in Latin America, but the recruitment of BIM Manager profiles will also grow by 11% in the coming years. As examples of large projects developed under BIM methodology in this region, we find the New International Airport of Mexico City or the Panama Canal.
Faced with such a scenario of promising prospects for the BIM methodology, it seems obvious that the professional future of any civil, building or architect-engineer passes through its domain.
Another important field of development that is becoming essential in the engineering and architecture sector is found in the application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to the development of cities to improve their efficiency, both in terms of building, such as mobility, energy systems, urban services, transport and infrastructure in general.
New technologies smart cities
This is the emerging market for so-called “smart infrastructures”, whose growth rate stands at 19% per year until 2020. It is estimated that cities occupy 2% of the planet’s land surface and yet consume about 75% of global resources, so efficient resource management is both beneficial and necessary for the future of the planet. Many cities in the world have already joined this trend in favour of sustainable development, such as New York, Singapore, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Berlin or Tokyo.
In the case of Spain, according to the IESE 2017 Cities In Motion ranking, Madrid and Barcelona seem to be leading the way, although Malaga, Seville and A Coruña are also very well placed (among the top 100). While in Latin America the cases of Buenos Aires, Santiago de Chile, Mexico City, Medellín or Montevideo stand out, also all of them are in the Top 100.
But this is only the beginning and “Smart Cities” represent the future of urban centres in the world, and with it come new professional opportunities for technical professionals, such as data engineers, cybersecurity experts, the technical advisers in reform or the inspectors of environmental health and energy efficiency.
In addition, the development of the Smart Cities market brings with it the implementation of other new technologies, such as the Internet of Things, sensors or drones, which seem to have no end in their applications to the design, construction and maintenance of infrastructures. intelligent, thus also generating new job opportunities for engineers and architects who master them.
Digitization and agile methodologies
Last but not least, we find the case of Agile Project Management Methodologies, whose development comes hand in hand with the arrival of Industry 4.0 and digital transformation, which represent an inescapable reality in the business landscape current.
According to IFTF, by the year 2030 100% of organizations worldwide will be purely technological, so it is not surprising that the supply of employment-related to technological development does not stop growing. In fact, 8 out of 10 entrepreneurs claim to have implemented digitization programs in their companies and 42% of SMEs will allocate the bulk of their investments this year to the development of technological tools.
However, the digitization and implementation of projects of a technological nature opens up a new range of challenges – and thus opportunities – for professionals. Traditional work procedures and methodologies seem to become obsolete due to the nature of these projects, characterized by continuous change and flexible planning. It is precisely for this reason that Agile Methodologies are emerging as the ideal tool for treating newly emerging technological projects (software development, scientific research, innovation, artificial intelligence, etc.).
Agile Methodologies provide the flexibility and adaptability necessary for such projects. The figures make it clear: 71% of organizations worldwide already use Agile Methodologies and these generate 30% more profit and increase revenues 37% faster than those that do not.
In summary, new technologies are bringing with them a multitude of novelties, and with them opportunities, in the economic-business paradigm and technical professionals we have a lot to say about it.